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Xubuntu 14.04.3常用软件的安装

Xubuntu 林志斌 1086浏览

更新于:2014-09-29
操作系统:Xubuntu 14.04.3
很多软件大家可能都不知道是干什么用的,请自行在https://www.google.com里搜索。

wget -O ~/Downloads/master.zip https://github.com/ilikenwf/apt-fast/archive/master.zip
unzip ~/Downloads/master.zip
sudo cp ~/Downloads/apt-fast-master/apt-fast /usr/bin/
sudo chmod +x /usr/bin/apt-fast
sudo cp ~/Downloads/apt-fast-master/apt-fast.conf /etc/

sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:fcitx-team/nightly
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:webupd8team/y-ppa-manager
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:peterlevi/ppa
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:diodon-team/stable
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:djcj/vlc-stable
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:tualatrix/ppa
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:pi-rho/security
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:gezakovacs/ppa
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:atareao/atareao
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:maarten-baert/simplescreenrecorder
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:lzh9102/qwinff
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:jon-severinsson/ffmpeg
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:team-xbmc/ppa
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:otto-kesselgulasch/gimp
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:liferea/ppa
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:dhor/myway


sudo apt-get install -y aria2

sudo apt-fast update

sudo apt-fast install arj audacious bum cabextract chromium-browser conky curl diodon dstat faac faad fcitx-table-wbpy ffmpeg2theora file-roller flac flashplugin-installer gimp gimp-data-extras gimp-plugin-registry google-tasks-indicator htop hydra icedax icedtea-plugin id3v2 iftop indicator-multiload iotop liferea lame liba52-0.7.4-dev libdvdnav4 libdvdread4 libflac++6 libjpeg-progs libmad0 libmpeg2-4 libmpeg3-1 libswscale-extra-2 libxine1-ffmpeg meld mencoder mpack mpeg2dec mpeg3-utils mpegdemux mpg123 mpg321 mupdf nethogs nmap openssh-server optipng p7zip-full p7zip-full p7zip-rar parallel pepperflashplugin-nonfree power-commands prelink preload proxychains putty-tools qwinff rar rdesktop sharutils shutter simplescreenrecorder sox sysv-rc-conf tftpd-hpa tftp-hpa ubuntu-restricted-extras ubuntu-restricted-extras uget unace unetbootin unrar unzip uudeview uudeview variety vim vlc vorbis-tools wine wireshark xbmc y-ppa-manager zip

sudo update-pepperflashplugin-nonfree --install

安装CCSM和Emerald配置透明毛玻璃效果(注:For Ubuntu 12.04):
参考:http://www.webupd8.org/2013/05/how-to-install-emerald-in-ubuntu-1304.html
http://gnome-look.org/content/show.php?content=120806
sudo apt-fast install emerald compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-plugins-extra
wget http://www.chairod.de/2OO8-O5-31/Compiz/Halftime_1.1.emerald
emerald --replace

SMPlayers(可选,上面已经安装了VLC)
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:rvm/smplayer
sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get install smplayer smtube smplayer-themes smplayer-skins 

安装bleachbit清理工具(官网:http://bleachbit.sourceforge.net/download/linux)
For Ubuntu 12.04: wget -c http://katana.oooninja.com/bleachbit/sf/bleachbit_1.4_all_ubuntu1204.deb
For Ubuntu 14.04: wget -c http://katana.oooninja.com/bleachbit/sf/bleachbit_1.4_all_ubuntu1404.deb
sudo dpkg -i ./bleachbit_1.4_all_ubuntu1204.deb

Xtreme Download Manager(极速下载,非常高效)
http://sourceforge.net/projects/xdman/files/?source=navbar
wget -c http://cznic.dl.sourceforge.net/project/xdman/xdman_mint_ubuntu.deb
sudo dpkg -i xdman_mint_ubuntu.deb

115.com网盘
wget http://pc.115.com/download/linux/115wangpan_linux_v4.0.deb
sudo dpkg -i ./115wangpan_linux_v4.0.deb

wget -c http://www.skype.com/go/getskype-linux-beta-ubuntu-64/skype-ubuntu-precise_4.3.0.37-1_i386.deb
sudo dpkg -i skype-ubuntu-precise_4.3.0.37-1_i386.deb
sudo apt-fast install -f
sudo dpkg -i skype-ubuntu-precise_4.3.0.37-1_i386.deb

sudo apt-add-repository 'deb http://liveusb.info/multisystem/depot all main'
wget -q http://liveusb.info/multisystem/depot/multisystem.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-fast update
sudo apt-fast install multisystem

Gis Weather天气预报
wget -c http://jaist.dl.sourceforge.net/project/gis-weather/gis-weather/0.7.2/gis-weather_0.7.2_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i gis-weather_0.7.2_all.deb
sudo apt-get -f install
sudo dpkg -i gis-weather_0.7.2_all.deb

Master PDF Editor(Linux中最强大的PDF编辑器,The Linux-based version is free for non-commercial use
官方下载:http://code-industry.net/free-pdf-editor.php)
i386
sudo dpkg -i `wget -c http://code-industry.net/public/master-pdf-editor_2.0.30_i386.deb`
x86_64
sudo dpkg -i `wget -c http://code-industry.net/public/master-pdf-editor_2.0.30_amd64.deb`

ubuntu tweak
https://launchpad.net/ubuntu-tweak/+download
wget -c https://launchpad.net/ubuntu-tweak/0.8.x/0.8.7/+download/ubuntu-tweak_0.8.7-1~trusty2_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i ubuntu-tweak_0.8.7-1~trusty2_all.deb
sudo apt-fast -f install
sudo dpkg -i ubuntu-tweak_0.8.7-1~trusty2_all.deb

LinSSID (Graphical Wifi Scanner for Ubuntu)
sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:wseverin/ppa
sudo apt-fast update
sudo apt-fast install linssid

WinUSB(supports Windows 7, 8, Vista, XP and can use either an ISO or a DVD as a source)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:colingille/freshlight
sudo apt-fast update
sudo apt-fast install winusb

jNetMap(Graphical network monitoring and documentation tool
https://sourceforge.net/projects/jnetmap/)
sudo dpkg -i `wget -c https://master-dl.sourceforge.net/project/jnetmap/jNetMap%200.5.3/jNetMap-0.5.3.deb`

GoAgent 3.1.18 Download
https://nodeload.github.com/goagent/goagent/legacy.zip/3.0

GoAgent Linux
https://code.google.com/p/goagent/wiki/GoAgent_Linux

注:切换到goagent的server路径下,结合plink(使用ssh代理)和proxychains去运行下面的命令
[email protected]:/opt/goagent-goagent-36776be/server$ proxychains python uploader.zip


wget -O speedtest-cli.py https://raw.github.com/sivel/speedtest-cli/master/speedtest_cli.py

参考链接:http://forum.ubuntu.org.cn/viewtopic.php?f=35&t=202986
有了中文包之后,在终端里输入LANGUAGE=zh_CN gimp就可以打开中文界面了
在launcher中直接打开中文的gimp
修改方法是/usr/share/applications/gimp.desktop中的
Exec=gimp-2.6 %U
修改为
Exec=sh -c "LANGUAGE=zh_CN.utf8 gimp %U"


Disable Guest account featuer
sudo vim /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf
allow-guest=false


sudo vim /etc/sysctl.conf
vm.swappiness=10

sudo vim /etc/default/grub
GRUB_TIMEOUT=0

sudo vim /etc/fstab
tmpfs /tmp tmpfs defaults,noexec,nosuid 0 0


Create a file named .gtkrc-2.0 in your home directory and paste in the following lines
gtk-menu-popup-delay = 0 
gtk-menu-popdown-delay = 0 
gtk-menu-bar-popup-delay = 0 
gtk-enable-animations = 0 
gtk-timeout-expand = 0
gtk-timeout-initial = 0
gtk-timeout-repeat = 0

sudo apt-get autoclean

PAC Manager(替换SecureCRT)
官方下载:http://sourceforge.net/projects/pacmanager/files/
cd ~/Downloads
sudo dpkg -i pac-*.deb
sudo apt-get -f install
sudo dpkg -i pac-*.deb

支付宝安全控件(For Chrome、Firefox、Opera)
https://110.alipay.com/sc/aliedit/intro.htm

SSH服务(开启ubuntu中的ssh服务)
sudo apt-get install openssh-server
sudo service ssh start/stop/restart 启动/停止/启动服务

Cisco Packet Tracer 5.3(思科网络模拟器)
下载: http://dl.dbank.com/c0xy2o66ob
chmod +x PacketTracer531_i386_installer-deb.bin
sudo ./PacketTracer531_i386_installer-deb.bin

GNS3网络模拟器
从官方网站下载两个文件(若官方发布了新版本,直接下载新版本即可):
http://www.gns3.net/download
GNS3 v0.8.3.1 tgz archive
http://www.gns3.net/dynamips/
Dynamips 0.2.8-RC3-community binary for Linux (32-bit)
Dynamips 0.2.8-RC3-community binary for Linux (64-bit)
创建个文件夹:
[email protected]:~$ mkdir /opt/GNS3/
解压文件:
[email protected]:~/Downloads$ tar -zxf GNS3-0.8.3.1-src.tar.gz
移动解压的所有文件到GNS3文件夹中:
[email protected]:~/Downloads$ mv GNS3-0.8.3.1-src/* /opt/GNS3/
在GNS3中创建一个Dynamips文件夹:
[email protected]:~/Downloads$ mkdir /opt/GNS3/Dynamips/
把dynamips-0.2.8-RC3-community-x86_64.bin移动到该文件夹内:
[email protected]:~/Downloads$ mv ./Dynamips/dynamips-0.2.8-RC3-community-x86_64.bin /opt/GNS3/Dynamips/
给dynamips-0.2.8-RC3-community-x86_64.bin添加x权限:
[email protected]:~/Downloads$ chmod +x /opt/GNS3/Dynamips/dynamips-0.2.8-RC3-community-x86_64.bin
运行GNS3:
[email protected]:~/Downloads$ sudo python /opt/GNS3/gns3

QQ 2013
下载:http://www.longene.org/download/WineQQ2013SP6-20140102-Longene.deb
如果是64位系统,还需安装这个包:sudo apt-get install ia32-libs
sudo dpkg -i WineQQ2013SP6-20140102-Longene.deb

壁纸自动更换软件Variety
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:peterlevi/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install variety

fcitx(小企鹅输入法,安装五笔拼音输入法、搜狗拼音输入法、谷歌拼音输入法)
官方网站安装说明:https://fcitx-im.org/wiki/Install_(Ubuntu)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:fcitx-team/nightly(推荐)
or
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:fcitx-team/stable
sudo apt-get update
五笔拼音输入法:sudo apt-get install fcitx-table-wbpy
搜狗拼音输入法:sudo apt-get install fcitx-sogoupinyin
谷歌拼音输入法:sudo apt-get install fcitx-googlepinyin
配置:fcitx-config-gtk3

preload(自适应预载守护进程)
sudo apt-get install preload

Skype for Linux(只有32位的)
官方下载:http://download.skype.com/linux/skype-ubuntu-precise_4.2.0.13-1_i386.deb
sudo dpkg -i skype-ubuntu-precise_4.2.0.13-1_i386.deb
sudo apt-get -f install
sudo dpkg -i skype-ubuntu-precise_4.2.0.13-1_i386.deb

Y PPA Manager is a GUI tool to easily add PPAs, search a package in all Launchpad PPAs, remove duplicate PPAs (only works with separate .list files), backup PPAs and other PPA-related tasks. Check out the Launchpad page for a complete features list.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/y-ppa-manager
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install y-ppa-manager

微软Silverlight(http://www.kashu.org/1468.html
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:pipelight/stable
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install pipelight-multi
sudo pipelight-plugin --enable silverlight

sysv-rc-conf服务管理程序
sudo apt-get install sysv-rc-conf

shutter截图工具
sudo apt-get install shutter

Diodon剪贴板管理工具
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:diodon-team/stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install diodon

todo-indicator(todo list,百事贴)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install todo-indicator
使用方法:/usr/bin/todo-indicator .todo.txt &

Stickynotes(桌面百事贴小程序)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:umang/indicator-stickynotes
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install indicator-stickynotes

proxychains(Ubuntu全局代理软件http://www.kashu.org/1457.html
安装:sudo apt-get install proxychains
修改配置文件:sudo vim /etc/proxychains.conf
将[ProxyList]下的代理服务器信息修改下
如:socks5 127.0.0.1 7070
使用示例:proxychains wget www.youtube.com

NitroShare(Linux/Windows/MAC跨平台文件传输工具)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:george-edison55/nitroshare
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install nitroshare

VLC媒体播放器
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:djcj/vlc-stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install vlc

WebEx Player视频播放器(其中的Recorder无法使用)
安装好Wine后,直接鼠标双击WebEx_Recorder_and_Player.msi此安装程序即可安装,就这么简单。
然后就可以在Ubuntu中看*.wrf格式的视频了。

PSP仿真器(http://ppsspp.org/downloads.html
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:noobslab/apps
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ppsspp

startdict(星际译王)
sudo apt-get install stardict
离线词库下载地址:http://abloz.com/huzheng/stardict-dic/zh_CN/
如:下载一个oxford-gb dictionary(en – zh_CN) 牛津现代英汉双解词典
然后把它全部解压出来的内容直接移动到/usr/share/stardict/dic目录里即可

chromium浏览器
sudo apt-get install chromium-browser

Adobe Flash Player插件
sudo apt-get install flashplugin-installer

Wine稳定版
export WINEPREFIX=$HOME/wine32
export WINEARCH=win32
我还把这两个变量写入到.bashrc文件中了,让它们永久生效
echo ‘export WINEPREFIX=$HOME/wine32′ >> ~/.bashrc
echo ‘export WINEARCH=win32′ >> ~/.bashrc
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install wine1.6.2

Adobe Reader(PDF阅读器)
sudo apt-add-repository “deb http://archive.canonical.com/ $(lsb_release -sc) partner”
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install acroread

htop(交互式进程查看器)
sudo apt-get install htop

TLP(Linux高级电源管理工具,建议笔记本装上)
官方说明:http://linrunner.de/en/tlp/docs/tlp-linux-advanced-power-management.html
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:linrunner/tlp
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install tlp tlp-rdw
说明
tlp (PPA) – Power saving
tlp-rdw (PPA) – optional, Radio Device Wizard
tp-smapi-dkms (universe) – optional ThinkPad only, tp-smapi is needed for battery charge thresholds and ThinkPad specific status output of tlp-stat
acpi-call-tools (PPA) – optional ThinkPad only, acpi-call is needed for battery charge thresholds on Sandy Bridge and newer models (X220/T420, X230/T430 et al.)
联想的ThinkPad把这两个也一并安装上:sudo apt-get install tp-smapi-dkms acpi-call-tools
安装完后重启生效,要立即生效可执行:sudo tlp start

Audacious音乐播放器,推荐
sudo apt-get install audacious

pdf2htmlEX:(高保真PDF转HTML工具)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:coolwanglu/pdf2htmlex && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install pdf2htmlEX

Google Earth(谷歌地球)
Download: http://www.google.com/intl/en/earth/download/ge/agree.html
sudo dpkg -i google-earth-stable_current_amd64.deb
sudo apt-get -f install(若执行上面的安装后提示有依赖包要装,就执行此命令安装即可)
sudo dpkg -i google-earth-stable_current_amd64.deb(若执行了上面那条命令,需重新执行此安装命令)

Openshot(视频编辑器,推荐)
sudo apt-get install openshot
The Lastest Version: https://launchpad.net/openshot/+download
以下是官方的安装方法(http://www.openshot.org/ppa/
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:openshot.developers/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install openshot openshot-doc

ocenaudio(音频编辑器,推荐)
https://launchpad.net/~trebelnik-stefina/+archive/ocenaudio
http://www.ocenaudio.com.br/download

酷我音乐盒,推荐
https://github.com/LiuLang/kwplayer-packages
sudo apt-get install kwplayer_3.2.7-1_all.deb

虾米电台
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:timxx/xmradio
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install xmradio

Liferea(RSS新闻阅读器)
apt-get install liferea
或者(官网http://lzone.de/liferea/install.htm
add-apt-repository ppa:liferea/development
apt-get update
apt-get install liferea

add-apt-repository(用不了add-apt-repository这个命令就安装下面那个)
apt-get install python-software-properties

weather-indicator(天气预报指示器)
sudo apt-get install indicator-weather
or(推荐用下面那个天气预报小工具)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:atareao/atareao
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install my-weather-indicator

indicator-multiload(系统负载指示器)
sudo apt-get install indicator-multiload

Psensor(硬件温度指示器)
sudo apt-get install lm-sensors hddtemp psensor

Caffeine(看视频时防止屏保和sleep)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:caffeine-developers/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install caffeine

indicator-brightness(屏幕亮度指示器)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:noobslab/indicators
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install indicator-brightness

apt-fast(代替apt-get,提升软件下载速度,推荐)
官方主页: https://github.com/ilikenwf/apt-fast
For those of you who want to manually install it, download it and perform the following:

cp apt-fast /usr/bin/
chmod +x /usr/bin/apt-fast
cp apt-fast.conf /etc
You need to have aria2c installed:

apt-get install aria2
Then, you should be ready to use it - simply run apt-fast instead of apt-get or aptitude any time you find yourself needing to manage packages!
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:apt-fast/stable && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install apt-fast

Ubuntu-Tweak
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tualatrix/ppa 
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak

ubuntu-restricted-extras(强推)
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
sudo apt-get install libdvdread4
sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/install-css.sh

wavemon(无线信号检测软件,推荐)
sudo apt-get install wavemon

Nessus(强悍的远程漏洞扫描器)
详见:http://www.kashu.org/1254.html

SimpleScreenRecorder屏幕录像软件,推荐
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:maarten-baert/simplescreenrecorder
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install simplescreenrecorder

png和jpg图片压缩工具(安装了这个,下面那个optipng就省了)
sudo apt-get install trimage

optipng(png图片专用压缩利器)
sudo apt-get install optipng

QWinFF(QWinFF is a GUI for FFmpeg
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:lzh9102/qwinff
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:jon-severinsson/ffmpeg
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install qwinff

FF Multi Converter(多功能文件转换器https://sites.google.com/site/ffmulticonverter/download
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ffmulticonverter/stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ffmulticonverter

meld(图形化的diff和文件合并工具)
sudo apt-get install meld

VLC(多媒体播放器)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:n-muench/vlc2
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install vlc

Wireshark(著名的协议分析仪)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:dreibh/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install wireshark

XBMC(媒体中心)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:team-xbmc/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install xbmc

uGet(文件下载器,堪比迅雷)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:plushuang-tw/uget-stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install uget aria2
配置参数:--enable-rpc=true -D --check-certificate=false --disable-ipv6=true

Dconf-Editor
sudo apt-get install dconf-tools

7z压缩工具
sudo apt-get install p7zip-full

GIMP 2.8.10稳定版good
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:otto-kesselgulasch/gimp
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install gimp

conky
sudo apt-get install conky

iftop(监控流量)
sudo apt-get install iftop

nethogs(监控流量)
sudo apt-get install nethogs

UNetbootin(制作GNU/Linux启动U盘)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gezakovacs/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install unetbootin

Logout Session
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:upubuntu-com/apps 
sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get install logout-session

XAMPP
官方下载:http://sourceforge.net/projects/xampp/files/XAMPP%20Linux/
把软件移动到/opt目录里:sudo mv ./sudo mv xampp-linux-x64-1.8.3-1-installer.run /opt
添加可执行权限:sudo chmod +700 xampp-linux-x64-1.8.3-1-installer.run
安装:sudo ./xampp-linux-x64-1.8.3-1-installer.run

Master PDF Editor(Linux中的PDF编辑器、阅读器)

1、官方下载:http://code-industry.net/free-pdf-editor.php
2、tar -zxf 解压
3、使用:[email protected]:/opt/MasterPDFEditor$ ./pdfeditor

krop(PDF裁剪工具)
官方下载:http://arminstraub.com/computer/krop#downloadkrop
sudo dpkg -i krop_0.4.5-1_all.deb
sudo apt-get -f install && sudo dpkg -i krop_0.4.5-1_all.deb

plink(ssh跳墙时使用)
sudo apt-get install plink
使用示例:plink -C -D 127.0.0.1:43210 -N -pw 12345 [email protected]

包含了很多最新版的安全工具:aircrack-ng、hydra 7.6-1、nmap 6.46-1、wireshark 1.10.6等等
官方链接:https://launchpad.net/~pi-rho/+archive/security
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:pi-rho/security
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install nmap

NMAP(安装最新版NMAP)
shell脚本如下,直接在Ubuntu系统中运行此脚本就能自动安装好最新版的NMAP:
http://www.kashu.org/1013.html

mupdf(轻量级XPS和PDF文档阅读器)
sudo apt-get install mupdf
需要使用命令行启用该软件,使用示例:mupdf kashu.xps 或 mupdf kashu.pdf

chmsee(chm格式文件阅读器,chm viewer)
sudo apt-get install chmsee

TeamViewer
官方下载:https://www.teamviewer.com/en/download/linux.aspx
安装:sudo dpkg -i teamviewer_linux_x64.deb
如果提示有依赖包要安装,直接运行sudo apt-get -f install
最后再执行一次安装即可:sudo dpkg -i teamviewer_linux_x64.deb

VMware Workstation
安装方法(包含下载、安装、激活、序列号)
http://www.kashu.org/1024.html

VirtualBox
官方下载及安装方法
https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Linux_Downloads

XMind(思维导图)
官方下载:http://www.xmind.net/download/linux/
sudo dpkg -i xmind-linux-3.4.0.201311050558_amd64.deb
sudo apt-get -f install
sudo dpkg -i xmind-linux-3.4.0.201311050558_amd64.deb

HandBrake(视频转码器)
把软件源加入到/etc/apt/sources.list文件中,然后sudo apt-get update &
sudo vim /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/stebbins/handbrake-releases/ubuntu precise main 
deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/stebbins/handbrake-releases/ubuntu precise main
其它操作系统:
http://handbrake.fr/downloads.php
其它Ubuntu发行版:
https://launchpad.net/~stebbins/+archive/handbrake-releases

I-Nex(类似于Windows下的CPU-Z)
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:i-nex-development-team/stable
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nemh/gambas3
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install i-nex

Audio Recorder(录音软件)
To install Audio-Recorder in Ubuntu/Linux Mint open Terminal (Press Ctrl+Alt+T) and copy the following commands in the Terminal:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:osmoma/audio-recorder
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install audio-recorder
Install additional codecs with this command:
sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad

prelink(通过预链接,减少软件启动时检测、链接的时间,从而加快软件启动速度)
sudo apt-get install prelink
以管理员身份编辑/etc/default/prelink,将其中的PRELINKING=unknown 改为 PRELINKING=yes。
在终端中运行如下命令,初始化Prelink数据库:sudo /etc/cron.daily/prelink
该过程需要数分钟的时间,作用相当于建立“缓存”,预先为各个软件链接好启动所需的共享库,使得以后每次启动软件不必再临时链接。

BleachBit(Linux下的清道夫,本人更推荐使用Ubuntu Tweak里janitor所提供的清理功能)
sudo apt-get install bleachbit

XnConvert:跨平台图片批处理专家,推荐
http://www.xnview.com/en/xnconvert/
sudo dpkg -i XnConvert-linux-x64.deb

phatch(批量图片处理工具,很强)
sudo apt-get install phatch

E4rat
专为加速Linux启动时间设置的工具。通过对物理文件分配,借此减小旋转迟延,增大磁盘交换速率,借此加速开机启动时间。 E4rat只为Ext4格式设计,对其他文件系统不起作用。您在使用时,注意保护敏感数据,避免以外发生。
安装方法:http://www.kashu.org/1214.html

cheese(要用webcam就装这个)

sudo apt-get install cheese

显示Ubuntu所有自启动应用程序(在startup里面默认是隐藏的)

sudo sed -i 's/NoDisplay=true/NoDisplay=false/g' /etc/xdg/autostart/*.desktop

注销当前用户的命令:logout-session

把LibreOffice的英文界面改成中文:sudo apt-get install libreoffice-l10n-zh-cn libreoffice-help-zh-cn

然后,打开LibreOffice Writer,点击Tools----Options----Language Settings----Languages----User interface改成Chineses,重新打开任意一个LibreOffice套件都是中文界面的了。

转载请注明:林志斌 » Xubuntu 14.04.3常用软件的安装

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