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解决使用yum时rpmdb open failed的问题

YUM 林志斌 1009浏览

1、问题现象
[[email protected] ~]# yum
rpmdb: Thread/process 3833/3074516672 failed: Thread died in Berkeley DB library
error: db3 error(-30974) from dbenv->failchk: DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run database recovery
error: cannot open Packages index using db3 -  (-30974)
error: cannot open Packages database in /var/lib/rpm
CRITICAL:yum.main:

Error: rpmdb open failed

[[email protected] ~]# yum update -v
rpmdb: Thread/process 3775/3074836160 failed: Thread died in Berkeley DB library
error: db3 error(-30974) from dbenv->failchk: DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run database recovery
error: cannot open Packages index using db3 -  (-30974)
error: cannot open Packages database in /var/lib/rpm
CRITICAL:yum.main:

Error: rpmdb open failed

2、根据提示可以知道rpm数据库被损坏,按照下面的方法进行重建
[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# cd /var/lib/rpm/
[[email protected] rpm]# ls
Basenames     __db.004     Name            Pubkeys         Triggername
Conflictname  Dirnames     Obsoletename    Requirename
__db.001      Filedigests  Packages        Requireversion
__db.002      Group        Providename     Sha1header
__db.003      Installtid   Provideversion  Sigmd5
[[email protected] rpm]# rm __db.* -rf
[[email protected] rpm]# rpm --rebuilddb

[[email protected] rpm]# yum clean all
Loaded plugins: aliases, changelog, downloadonly, kabi, presto, product-id,
              : refresh-packagekit, security, subscription-manager, tmprepo,
              : verify, versionlock
Updating certificate-based repositories.
Unable to read consumer identity
Loading support for Red Hat kernel ABI
Cleaning repos: rhel-source
Cleaning up Everything
0 delta-package files removed, by presto
[[email protected] rpm]# yum update
Loaded plugins: aliases, changelog, downloadonly, kabi, presto, product-id,
              : refresh-packagekit, security, subscription-manager, tmprepo,
              : verify, versionlock
Updating certificate-based repositories.
Unable to read consumer identity
Loading support for Red Hat kernel ABI
rhel-source                                                | 4.0 kB     00:00 ...
rhel-source/primary_db                                     | 3.1 MB     00:00 ...
Setting up Update Process
No Packages marked for Update

最后如果还不行,reboot一下系统即可

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