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Windows Server各版本对比列表

Windows Server 2012 has four editions: Foundation, Essentials, Standard and Datacenter.

Specifications Foundation Essentials Standard Datacenter
Distribution OEM only Retail, volume licensing, OEM Retail, volume licensing, OEM Volume licensing and OEM
Licensing model Per server Per server Per CPU pair[c] + CAL[d] Per CPU pair[c] + CAL[d]
Processor chip limit[48] 1 2 64[e] 64[e]
Memory limit 32 GB 64 GB 4 TB 4 TB
User limit 15 25 Unlimited Unlimited
File Services limits 1 standalone DFS root 1 standalone DFS root Unlimited Unlimited
Network Policy and Access Services limits 50 RRAS connections and 10 IAS connections 250 RRAS connections, 50 IAS connections, and 2 IAS Server Groups Unlimited Unlimited
Remote Desktop Services limits 50 Remote Desktop Services connections Gateway only Unlimited Unlimited
Virtualization rights N/A Either in 1 VM or 1 physical server, but not both at once 2 VMs[c] Unlimited
DHCP role Yes Yes Yes Yes
DNS server role Yes Yes Yes Yes
Fax server role Yes Yes Yes Yes
UDDI Services Yes Yes Yes Yes
Print and Document Services Yes Yes Yes Yes
Web Services (Internet Information Services) Yes Yes Yes Yes
Windows Deployment Services Yes Yes Yes Yes
Windows Server Update Services No Yes Yes Yes
Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services Yes Yes Yes Yes
Active Directory Rights Management Services Yes Yes Yes Yes
Application server role Yes Yes Yes Yes
Server Manager Yes Yes Yes Yes
Windows Powershell Yes Yes Yes Yes
Active Directory Domain Services Must be root of forest and domain Must be root of forest and domain Yes Yes
Active Directory Certificate Services Certificate Authorities only Certificate Authorities only Yes Yes
Active Directory Federation Services Yes[55] No Yes Yes
Server Core mode No No Yes Yes
Hyper-V No No Yes Yes

via: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Server_2012

Windows Server 2008 R2 edition comparison chart

Features Foundation Standard Web HPC Enterprise Datacenter Itanium
Maximum RAM on x86-64 8 GB 32 GB 32 GB 128 GB 2 TB 2 TB 2 TB
Maximum physical CPUs 1 4 4 4 8 64 64
Failover cluster nodes (Nodes) N/A N/A N/A N/A 16 16 8
Cross-file replication (DFS-R) No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[24]
Fault tolerant memory sync No No No No Yes Yes Yes
Memory modules: Hot addition No No No No Yes Yes Yes
Memory modules: Hot replacement No No No No No Yes Yes
CPUs: Hot addition No No No No No Yes Yes
CPUs: Hot replacement No No No No No Yes Yes
IAS connection 10 50 No No Unlimited Unlimited 2
Remote Desktop Services connections 50 250 No No Unlimited Unlimited No
RRAS connections 50 250 No 250 Unlimited Unlimited No
Virtual image use rights Forbidden Host + 1 VM 1 VM Host + 1 VM Host + 4 VMs Unlimited Unlimited
Features Foundation Standard Web HPC Enterprise Datacenter Itanium

via: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Server_2008_R2

Windows Storage Server 2003 R2 was available in the following editions:

Express Workgroup Standard Enterprise
Number of physical CPUs[i] 1 1 1–4 1–64
x64 versions available Yes Yes Yes Yes
Numbers of disk drives 2 4 Unlimited Unlimited
NICs 1 2 Unlimited Unlimited
Print service No Yes Yes Yes
CALs required No No No No
iSCSI target support Optional Optional Optional Optional
Clustering No No No Yes

via: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Server_2003

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